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Crop Progress Report August 23, 2016

Harvest of the U.S. spring wheat crop is now 65 percent complete, slightly behind last year's pace of 69 percent, but well ahead of the average of 46 percent. In South Dakota nearly 90 percent has been harvested, followed by Montana at 77 percent, North Dakota at 64 percent and Montana at 53 percent. Some producers are struggling with wet conditions that interrupt harvest and in extreme cases make fields too wet to enter with harvest equipment. Yield reports continue to be variable with some producers indicated record yields and others reporting yields that are strong, but below previous year's levels.

The spring wheat quality lab at NDSU has analyzed about 27 percent of the expected spring wheat samples, showing a high grading crop so far. Average protein level is 14.1 percent (12% moisture basis), an increase over last week's average and falling number values are averaging over 400 seconds. Thousand kernel weights are lower than last week and last year at 31.5 grams. Test weights are slightly higher than last year at 61.9 pounds per bushel (81.4 kg/hl). So far, the crop is showing very little damage and vitreousness is averaging 76 percent, making the crop a No. 1 Dark Northern Spring so far. Quality data will continue to be updated weekly and will change as the later harvested crop is analyzed.

Durum harvest has begun in North Dakota, although no official harvest progress data has been released. In Montana 42 percent of the durum has been harvested, well ahead of the 22 percent average. Quality analysis on the durum crop has just begun, with only 10 percent of the samples analyzed. So far, protein is higher than last year at 14.3 percent (12% moisture basis) and test weights are similar to last year, averaging 60.7 pounds per bushel (79.1 kg/hl). The average falling number value is 401 seconds.



Crop Condition Ratings - Percent of Crop in each Condition
  V Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent Index
ND Spring - this week 3 6 20 61 10 369
ND Spring - last week 3 7 19 62 9 367
ND Durum - this week 1 2 10 69 18 401
ND Durum - last week 1 2 10 69 18 401
Minnesota -this week 4 5 22 53 16 372
Minnesota - last week 3 5 23 55 14 372
Montana - this week 2 4 29 52 13 370
Montana - last week 1 4 29 52 14 374
South Dakota - this week 3 11 47 36 3 325
South Dakota - last week 3 12 46 36 3 324
U.S. - this week 3 6 25 56 10 364
U.S. - last week 2 6 24 58 10 368
As of August 14, 2016


Percent Headed and Harvested by State
  8/21/16 Last week Last year 5 Year Avg.
ND Spring - % headed* 98 98 92 76
ND Spring - % harvested 64 44 63 39
ND Durum - % headed 92 92 73 56
ND Durum - % harvested na na na na
Minnesota - % headed* 97 94 99 91
Minnesota - % harvested 77 57 88 60
Montana - % headed* 90 75 96 74
Montana - % harvested 53 37 62 39
South Dakota - % headed* 100 99 96 96
South Dakota - % harvested 89 84 82 76
U.S. - % headed* 96 91 95 81
U.S. - % harvested 65 48 69 46
Percent headed as of August 9, 2016

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