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Crop Progress Report August 19, 2014

Harvest progress on the 2014 U.S. hard red spring wheat crop remains slower than average due to delayed crop maturity and challenging weather conditions. Some progress was made last week, but stalled out in the middle to latter part of the week due to very heavy rains in some parts of the region and generally cloudy conditions. As of August 17, approximately 17 percent of the crop was harvested, up from 6 percent the previous week, and slightly ahead of the 2013 pace of 16 percent, but well behind the five-year average of 33 percent. Progress is most advanced in South Dakota with 35 percent harvested, followed by Montana at 23 percent, Minnesota at 12 percent and just 6 percent in North Dakota. Montana's harvest pace is slightly ahead of the five-year average with all three other states about 2 to 3 weeks behind normal.

Crop condition ratings for the un-harvested portion of the crop declined slightly, falling to 68 percent good to excellent, compared to 70 percent the previous week. Early harvest reports have been limited, and too few of samples have been analyzed as part of the Annual Crop Quality survey to provide a good synopsis of early crop quality and yields. However, based on limited reports from some areas, yields appear to be high and average protein content lower than average. In some of the earliest maturing fields in areas, disease pressures have been higher than recent years although still somewhat isolated dependent on variety, crop rotation and fungicide timing. Quality and harvest concerns were heightened for producers in parts of North Dakota that were hit with very heavy rains during the latter part of last week, with some receiving 5 to 10 inches of rain. The rains did cause some damage, pushing crops to the ground and in areas leaving standing water in fields. Wet fields in those areas will delay harvest progress for a few days. Extended forecasts for much of the region will likely keep harvest progress sluggish in the coming days.

Some harvest has begun for the northern durum crop in the U.S., with 2 percent reported harvested in Montana and 3 percent in North Dakota, as of August 17. This is slightly ahead of 2013 for both states but well behind the more typical 10 to 15 percent for a five-year average. Approximately two-thirds of the crop in both states has started to turn from green to golden color, a bit behind normal in Montana but near normal for North Dakota. Crop condition ratings slipped a bit in North Dakota but remain very high with 83 percent still rated as good to excellent. Condition ratings held steady in Montana at 62 percent good to excellent.




Percent Headed and Harvested by State
  8/17/14 Last week Last year 5 Year Avg.
ND Spring - % headed 96 91 97 98
ND Spring - % harvested 6 0 8 28
ND Durum - % headed 98 71 100 100
ND Durum - % harvested 3 0 2 13
Minnesota - % headed 95 92 100 100
Minnesota - % harvested 12 6 20 48
Montana - % headed 98 93 93 92
Montana - % harvested 23 6 12 18
South Dakota - % headed 100 100 100 100
South Dakota - % harvested 35 11 49 75
U.S. - % headed 97 93 97 97
U.S. - % harvested 17 6 17 33


Crop Condition Ratings - Percent of Crop in each Condition
  V Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent Index
ND Spring - this week 1 2 14 63 20 399
ND Spring - last week 1 2 14 63 20 399
ND Durum - this week 0 1 16 75 8 390
ND Durum - last week 0 1 15 75 9 392
Minnesota -this week 2 7 34 50 7 353
Minnesota - last week 2 9 35 48 6 347
Montana - this week 1 4 38 48 9 360
Montana - last week 1 4 38 46 11 362
South Dakota - this week 0 2 24 62 12 384
South Dakota - last week 0 1 21 65 13 390
U.S. - this week 1 5 26 54 14 375
U.S. - last week 1 4 25 56 14 378
As of August 17, 2014


Percent Planted and Emerged by State
  6/29/2014 6/22/2014 6/29/2013 5 Year Avg.
ND Spring - planted 96 93 85 93
ND Spring - emerged 97 85 78 92
ND Durum - planted 97 84 92 89
ND Durum - emerged 96 87 83 87
Minnesota - planted 98 94 99 100
Minnesota - emerged 98 93 100 100
Montana - planted 97 94 94 93
Montana - emerged 97 95 96 93
South Dakota - planted 100 100 100 100
South Dakota - emerged 100 97 100 100
U.S. - planted 95 88 86 93
U.S. - emerged 98 91 89 95

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