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Crop Progress Report September 2, 2015

The U.S. hard red spring wheat harvest is nearing the final stages with nearly 90 percent completed as of August 30, well ahead of only 36 percent in 2014 at the end of August and 62 percent for a five-year average. Completion is pegged at 95 percent in Minnesota and South Dakota, and 85 percent in North Dakota and Montana. Mostly hot, dry conditions and limited rain have allowed for steady progress in most areas, although higher humidity and persistent smoke and haze from fires in the Pacific Northwest have made for more limited harvest hours compared to earlier in August. This week's well above average temperatures should allow most areas to wrap up the bulk of the 2015 harvest by Labor Day.

The most recent quality data on the 2015 crop, based on analysis at the NDSU wheat quality lab continues to show a high grading, higher than expected protein crop with improved color or vitreous kernel counts, and falling number values compared to 2014. With approximately 60 percent of the crop analyzed, average protein is 14.2 percent, average test weight is 61.7 pounds, average DHV of 81 percent, average falling number of 416 seconds and only 0.1 percent damage.

The northern U.S. durum harvest is approximately two-thirds completed in both Montana and North Dakota, well ahead of only 15 percent in 2014 and one-third for a five-year average. Good progress continues to be made the first half of this week and most areas should be 80 to 90 percent completed by the end of the week. The quality of the 2015 crop continues to show improved color, falling number values and protein levels compared to the 2014 crop. The crop is also showing much lower DON levels and a more isolated occurrence compared to 2014. Recent rains have reduced color in some parts of the region, but overall it appears to be a very high quality crop. Based on analysis of only one-third of the harvest, average grade is a #1 Hard Amber Durum with 60.6 pound test weight, 0.1 percent damage, 432 second falling number, 13.9 percent protein and a 94 percent vitreous kernel level.




Percent Headed and Harvested by State
  8/30/15 Last week Last year 5 Year Avg.
ND Spring - % headed* 94 87 76 80
ND Spring - % harvested 85 70 19 58
ND Durum - % headed 97 78 68 85
ND Durum - % harvested 63 37 13 36
Minnesota - % headed* 99 99 80 93
Minnesota - % harvested 95 92 33 78
Montana - % headed* 97 92 83 72
Montana - % harvested 85 69 44 49
South Dakota - % headed* 97 93 94 97
South Dakota - % harvested 95 86 66 90
U.S. - % headed* 96 91 82 83
U.S. - % harvested 88 75 36 62
Percent headed as of July 19, 2015


Crop Condition Ratings - Percent of Crop in each Condition
  V Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent Index
ND Spring - this week 0 2 16 63 19 399
ND Spring - last week 0 2 17 63 18 397
ND Durum - this week 0 1 16 64 19 401
ND Durum - last week 0 1 16 64 19 401
Minnesota -this week 1 3 16 56 24 399
Minnesota - last week 0 2 17 61 20 399
Montana - this week 4 8 33 46 9 344
Montana - last week 4 9 34 44 9 345
South Dakota - this week 1 7 29 56 7 361
South Dakota - last week 1 7 30 56 6 359
U.S. - this week 2 6 22 55 15 375
U.S. - last week 2 6 23 55 14 373
As of August 16, 2015


Percent Planted and Emerged by State
  6/14/15 6/7/15 6/14/14 5 Year Avg.
ND Spring - planted 96 93 80 79
ND Spring - emerged 96 83 67 71
ND Durum - planted 97 91 82 81
ND Durum - emerged 98 90 95 86
Minnesota - planted 100 99 60 65
Minnesota - emerged 100 99 76 89
Montana - planted 96 95 88 83
Montana - emerged 98 97 89 79
South Dakota - planted 98 97 88 95
South Dakota - emerged 97 96 86 96
U.S. - planted 96 94 70 79
U.S. - emerged 97 91 78 80

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