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Crop Progress Report July 29, 2014

The US hard red spring wheat crop is now 93 percent headed, equal to the five year average and 2013. Progress remains furthest along in South Dakota with 100 percent headed followed by Montana at 93 percent, Minnesota at 92 percent and North Dakota at 91 percent. The front maturity of the crop is a bit behind normal however with 29 percent of the North Dakota crop turning color compared to a normal pace of 36 percent

Last week brought needed precipitation to a good portion of the region, although in many areas it was accompanied by high winds and hail which did cause some damage to the crop. As in most years, parts of the region do need additional precipitation, but for the most part the growing conditions remain near ideal in most of the growing region. The forecast this week is for average to below average temperatures and generally dry conditions. This should be beneficial to limit disease pressures, prevent crop damage from storms and maintain yield and quality potential in the crop.

The latest crop condition ratings remain similar to last week and slightly ahead of the 2013 crop at this point in time. For the region, 70 percent of the crop is rated good to excellent, compared to 68 percent one year ago. By state, the highest ratings are in North Dakota with 82 percent rated good to excellent, followed by SD at 80 percent, Montana at 59 percent and Minnesota at 53 percent. The annual spring wheat crop tour confirmed the excellent yield potential on the 2014 crop with average yields higher than a year ago and limited disease pressures on the majority of the crop. Average starting date for harvest was pegged at about 3 weeks, but due to wet planting conditions in areas, some areas will not be ready to harvest until mid-September.

The northern US durum crop is pegged at 49 percent headed in North Dakota, still well behind the five year average of 82 percent and the 89 percent pace last year. About 10 percent of the North Dakota crop is turning color. In Montana, 83 percent of the crop has headed, slightly ahead of the five year average and 2013. Ten percent of the crop is turning color, slightly behind the five year average of 18 percent. Crop condition ratings peg the North Dakota crop at 83 percent good to excellent and 62 percent good to excellent in Montana.



Percent Headed and Harvested by State
  7/27/14 Last week Last year 5 Year Avg.
ND Spring - % headed 91 79 91 93
ND Spring - % harvested - - - -
ND Durum - % headed 49 35 89 82
ND Durum - % harvested - - - -
Minnesota - % headed 92 83 99 98
Minnesota - % harvested - - - -
Montana - % headed 93 85 88 86
Montana - % harvested - - - -
South Dakota - % headed 100 95 100 99
South Dakota - % harvested - - - -
U.S. - % headed 93 84 93 93
U.S. - % harvested - - - -


Crop Condition Ratings - Percent of Crop in each Condition
  V Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent Index
ND Spring - this week 1 2 15 64 18 396
ND Spring - last week 1 2 15 65 17 395
ND Durum - this week 0 1 16 78 5 387
ND Durum - last week 0 1 17 77 5 386
Minnesota -this week 2 11 34 47 6 344
Minnesota - last week 3 9 37 45 6 342
Montana - this week 1 3 37 49 10 364
Montana - last week 1 3 37 51 8 362
South Dakota - this week 0 1 19 66 14 393
South Dakota - last week 0 1 19 66 14 393
U.S. - this week 1 4 25 56 14 378
U.S. - last week 1 4 25 57 13 377
As of July 27, 2014


Percent Planted and Emerged by State
  6/29/2014 6/22/2014 6/29/2013 5 Year Avg.
ND Spring - planted 96 93 85 93
ND Spring - emerged 97 85 78 92
ND Durum - planted 97 84 92 89
ND Durum - emerged 96 87 83 87
Minnesota - planted 98 94 99 100
Minnesota - emerged 98 93 100 100
Montana - planted 97 94 94 93
Montana - emerged 97 95 96 93
South Dakota - planted 100 100 100 100
South Dakota - emerged 100 97 100 100
U.S. - planted 95 88 86 93
U.S. - emerged 98 91 89 95

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