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Crop Progress Report September 15, 2015

Harvest of the 2015 US hard red spring wheat crop is essentially completed, pegged at 97 percent as of September 13. The remaining harvest is in far northern areas of Montana and North Dakota, but each of those states are at 95 and 97 percent complete, respectively. Due to a much earlier planting season and a very favorable harvest period of mostly warm, dry conditions, the 2015 harvest completion is about 3 weeks ahead of the 2014 harvest and roughly 10 days to 2 weeks ahead of normal. In much of the region, yields were above average and the quality is excellent with high protein and test weights, minimal damage, good color and sound falling numbers. Compared to 2014, it is also lower in average moisture.

Based on analysis of 84 percent of the crop, by the NDSU wheat quality lab, these are the average values for key quality parameters (compared to the 2014 crop.) Protein is 14.2 percent (13.6) on a 12% moisture basis, test weight is 61.4 pounds per bushel (60.8), falling number is 414 seconds (370), vitreous kernel level is 77% (60), and moisture is 12.1% (12.9). The crop is showing slightly lower thousand kernel weight at 31.9 grams (32.7) but still above average. The average grade is a #1 DNS.

The northern U.S. durum crop is approaching the final stretch of harvest with approximately 90 percent completed in North Dakota and 94 percent in Montana as of September 13. This is significantly ahead of the prolonged, weather delayed harvest in 2014 when only one-third was completed in each state by mid-September. On a five-year average usually only two-thirds of the harvest is completed. There have been some delays in parts of the region due to recent rains, and forecasted rain the next couple of days will hamper harvest completion and may impact quality, but this will not be significant to the overall crop considering the level already harvested and the remaining crop was the latest planted.

Based on roughly 70 percent of the crop tested, by the NDSU durum quality lab, the crop continues to show very high quality traits. These are the 2015 average values compared to (2014). Test weight is 60.7 pounds per bushel (58.6), protein 13.8 percent (13.3) on a 12% moisture basis, damage is only 0.2% (1.4%), falling number is 423 seconds (291), the vitreous kernel level is 95% (75%) and crop moisture is 11.4% (12.3%). The average grade is a #1 HAD.

This will be the last crop progress report for the year. Further updates on the last portion of the crop quality analysis can be found at www.uswheat.org and the final Regional Crop Quality reports for both durum and hard red spring wheat will be posted in late October at www.ndwheat.com or www.uswheat.org





Percent Headed and Harvested by State
  9/13/15 Last week Last year 5 Year Avg.
ND Spring - % headed* 94 87 76 80
ND Spring - % harvested 97 93 62 83
ND Durum - % headed 97 78 68 85
ND Durum - % harvested 88 79 32 64
Minnesota - % headed* 99 99 80 93
Minnesota - % harvested 100 98 71 93
Montana - % headed* 97 92 83 72
Montana - % harvested 95 92 72 75
South Dakota - % headed* 97 93 94 97
South Dakota - % harvested 99 98 93 99
U.S. - % headed* 96 91 82 83
U.S. - % harvested 97 94 72 86
Percent headed as of July 19, 2015


Crop Condition Ratings - Percent of Crop in each Condition
  V Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent Index
ND Spring - this week 0 2 16 63 19 399
ND Spring - last week 0 2 17 63 18 397
ND Durum - this week 0 1 16 64 19 401
ND Durum - last week 0 1 16 64 19 401
Minnesota -this week 1 3 16 56 24 399
Minnesota - last week 0 2 17 61 20 399
Montana - this week 4 8 33 46 9 344
Montana - last week 4 9 34 44 9 345
South Dakota - this week 1 7 29 56 7 361
South Dakota - last week 1 7 30 56 6 359
U.S. - this week 2 6 22 55 15 375
U.S. - last week 2 6 23 55 14 373
As of August 16, 2015


Percent Planted and Emerged by State
  6/14/15 6/7/15 6/14/14 5 Year Avg.
ND Spring - planted 96 93 80 79
ND Spring - emerged 96 83 67 71
ND Durum - planted 97 91 82 81
ND Durum - emerged 98 90 95 86
Minnesota - planted 100 99 60 65
Minnesota - emerged 100 99 76 89
Montana - planted 96 95 88 83
Montana - emerged 98 97 89 79
South Dakota - planted 98 97 88 95
South Dakota - emerged 97 96 86 96
U.S. - planted 96 94 70 79
U.S. - emerged 97 91 78 80

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